The Government of the United States-美国政府

These days, the American President is one of the most powerful men in the world. He can make war or peace. He can touch the lives of millions in many different countries, but the President cannot do just what he wants. Congress must agree first.

本段重点:

  1. These days 如今
  2. one of …之一

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翻译:

时至今日,美国总统是世界上最有权势的人物之一。他能发动战争,也可带来和 平;他能触及诸多国家的几百万条性命,不过他也不可随心所欲。总统要做的事 要事先得到国会的批准。

In some ways, the United States is like fifty small countries and not one large one. Every state has its own governor, its own police, and its own laws. For example, in some states, you can buy an alcoholic drink when you are 18. In others, you must wait until you are 21.

本段重点:

  1. In some ways 在某些方面
  2. For example 比如
  3. alcoholic drink 酒精饮料

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翻译:

在某些方面,美国像是五十个小国而不是一个统一的大国。各州均有自己的州长、 自己的警察和法律。比如,在有些州,年满十八岁可以买酒精饮料,但在其他州, 要等到二十一岁才行。

The government of the whole country (the ‘federalgovernment) works from Washington, the capital city. This is where Congress is based. Congress has two parts, the Senate, and the House of Representatives.

本段重点:

  1. works from 工作地点
  2. two parts 两部分
  3. Senate 参议院
  4. House of Representatives 众议院

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翻译:

整个国家的政府(联邦政府)办公地点在首都华盛顿, 国会也在此。国会由两部分组成:参议院和众议院。

There are 100 members of the Senate (called Senators), two from each state. The President cannot act without the Senate’s agreement. The House of Representatives has 435 members. Like the senators, they can make new laws.

本段重点:

  1. Senators 参议员;上议员
  2. without 没有,缺乏

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翻译:

参议院有一百名成员(称为 参议员),每州两名。未经参议院同意总统不能采取任何行动。众议院有四百三 十五名众议员。和参议员一样,他们可制定新法。

Americans choose a new President every four years. The election is a great occasion. It is serious business, of course, but the Americans make sure that it is fun too.

本段重点:

  1. great occasion 重要事件
  2. make sure that 一定要;设法保证

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翻译:

美国总统每四年选举一次。总统选举是个重要事件。它当然是很严肃的,不过美 国人也会让其充满乐趣。

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